In Japan, the volume of SCC in construction has risen steadily over the years.
This led to the development of self-compacting concrete, primarily through the work by Okamura. The first usable version of self-compacting concrete was completed in 1988 and was named “High Performance Concrete”, and later proposed as “Self Compacting High Performance Concrete”.
Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials International RILEM Conference Materials Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering 2016 (MSSCE 2016), proceedings pro113.
Moisture in Materials and Structures International RILEM Conference Materials Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering 2016 (MSSCE 2016), proceedings pro112.
Many factors need to be taken into account, from the cost of the various additives and aggregates, to the trade offs between the "slump" for easy mixing and placement and ultimate performance.
A mix is then designed using cement (Portland or other cementitious material), coarse and fine aggregates, water and chemical admixtures.