These phoneme/grapheme relationships are taught together as "explicit" phonics, "in isolation" (without key words, pictures or letter names) as recommended in the 1985 federal synthesis of reading research done by the nation's leading reading professors, "Becoming a Nation of Readers" (BNR).
This instruction takes only four of the first nine weeks in Grade 1--all without consumable worksheets.
The 120 collective years of research and experience that have produced this updated method began with Dr. Orton, the earliest neuroscientist to research the functioning of the human brain in learning language skills (1923-1948). Orton used a very similar phonics base and collaborated with successful classroom teachers to combine his non-discriminating multi-sensory techniques with Classical Direct and Socratic instructional approaches to teaching.
His first successful applications went to re-establish language-skills memory in brain-damaged World War I veterans.
After that, you're free to peruse the site, and see whose local.These same sources say the graphic phone conversations were discovered by an internal intelligence worker who was investigating why multiple calls for help from inmates went unanswered during a shift at the prison.Referred to as "cell calls," inmates use this buzzer system to get prison guards' attention and assistance, and an alarm goes off if the call is not answered within one minute.The intelligence worker discovered that some guards were on the phone for a significant period of time during that shift.All conversations made using the internal prison phone system are recorded. She has lived in and reported from Rwanda, Thailand, Peru and Australia — and is the recipient of two national RTDNA awards for investigative journalism.